The BREED SOCIETIES

 

        The Jamaica Red                    The Jamaica Brahman

           

 

 

      The Jamaica Hope                    The Jamaica Black

       

 

        

 

There are four breed societies operating in Jamaica –

*     The Jamaica Red Poll Breeders Society

*     The Jamaica Brahman Breeders Society

*     The Jamaica Hope Breeders Society

*     The Jamaica Black Breeders Society.

Although these societies operate under the Jamaica

Livestock Association, official documentation and registration

is done through the Livestock Division of the Ministry of

Agriculture, while the JLA handles overseas enquiries and

facilitates visiting buyers.

Jamaica has always been ideal for a stud farm, because of its

tropical climate, lush pasture lands and geographical location.

In addition, the island is free of all major contagious diseases

and the incidence of routine diseases, which occur, is

extremely low.      

This almost ideal situation has allowed Jamaican farmers to

develop hardy breeds of dairy and beef cattle which have

earned a reputation for quality and are in growing demand in

neighbouring countries.

 

The Breed Society’s Report

The harsh realities of lower foreign exchange earnings from export from Alumina and Bauxite adversely affect our ability to import commodities which can be produced locally. This situation creates opportunities for investment for the expansion of both beef and dairy production.

 

Despite the opportunities local production in both beef and dairy have declined and is threatened by further decline with the uncertainty of the future of the herds owned by WINDALCO.

 

The high capital outlay required the high incidence of praedial larceny and changes in weather conditions are factors that restrict expansion.

 

The restriction on beef imports from a number of countries due to disease problems remain in place and as such our farmers were able to get a fair price for the commodity.

 

The price of milk solids on the world market is now an expensive commodity and availability is also a concern. In view of this problem there is a shortage of milk solids and the country is forced to import.

 

Against a background of a marginal decline in world production of milk and a consequent increase in export prices local milk producers were unable to capitalize on the opportunities presented for expanding market share. The local production of milk declined by 5% in 2009 relative to 2008 due to drought condition and a fall off from a large producer. There remains some uncertainty regarding sustained levels of production as a high percentage of small farmers are out of the business. The decline could have been more severe but the presence of Serge Island Farms which continue to expand under relatively new ownership are making significant contribution to stabilize production.

 

The drive to attract farmers who came out of dairying to return to the business showed some success but attracting new investors was quite difficult due to high capital outlay required and problems with milk collection in some areas.

Within the region farmers continue to show much interest in Jamaica’s local breeds and there is much demand for semen and embryos. The embryo transfer programme got much attention during the year and an embryo freezer was donated by the Jamaica Dairy Board to further expand the programme.

 

The Denbigh Show in 2009 had all the breeds on display the animals presented were of the usual high quality but only a small number of our members participated.

 

The Minard Livestock Show and Display was a success with all the breeds on display. The cattle auction was a success and more animals could be accommodated. The event continues to be a major Agricultural attraction; it was well supported by students and farmers from across the island.

 

The Jamaica Red Poll Cattle Breeders Society hosted the 12th World Red Poll Congress with most of the member countries represented. The Congress was a resounding success it included a pre-conference tour, conference and a post conference tour. The tours included overseas guests and locals who visited farms where all the four tropical breeds were seen, heritage sites, processing facilities, research stations and attractions were also visited.

 

Sheep & Goat

In 2009 much emphasis was placed on the production of small ruminant and both sheep and goats have made increased contribution to satisfy the protein requirements of the population.

Local sheep production at 7,000 heads provide less than 1% of the national needs while the goat population of approximately 700,000 heads provided 24% of the goat meat required for local consumption.

 

The demand for both products point to the need for massive expansion and both the Sheep Growers and the Goat Breeders society are working towards expansion. In addition to the expansion for meat the Goat Breeders Society are looking at increasing the Nubians and the Alpines breeds of goats to increase milk production.

Summary of Registrations & Appraisals for the Cattle Breeder’s Society

 

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© The Jamaica Livestock Assoc. Ltd., 2000

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